Date added: 12 Jun 2015
Officer’sPeninsula Gold Cross
Asolid gold medal commemorating the service of high-ranking officers who wereleading the British Army at the time of the Peninsular War in Spain andPortugal. It was awarded to Lieutenant Colonels and higher rankings for servicein the Spanish Peninsula in 1806-1814. It was approved by the Prince Regent in1813 and was given to those in command of a battalion who had been involved inat least four actions. The names of these battles were recorded on each arm ofthe cross, while further actions were marked with clasps. Crosses could beissued with the names of battles outside the Peninsula including Maida,Martinique and Guadalupe. A total of 164 gold crosses were awarded.Thedesign of the cross is very similar to the later Victoria Cross and probablyprovided the inspiration for that medal. The medal is thought to be the mostprestigious award in the campaign series. Thehighest and unique award, a cross with 9 bars for a total of 13 actions.
Date added: 12 Jun 2015
British Cannon at waterloo.
A British Blomfield cannon used at the Battle of Waterloo. This was the heaviest kind of artillery used at Waterloo by the British army, and it fired a solid cannonball weighing 4kilograms. Cannons were a very important part of warfare during Waterloo, and could cause terrible casualties.
•Thomas Blomefield became Inspector of Artillery, in 1780.Between 1782 and 1785 his department carried out a general reproof of ordnance, he rejected nearly half of them. In 1787 cast iron guns of Blomefield's own design were made.
•He made three significant alterations to the previousArmstrong design. Firstly, the breech was made more rounded, eliminating the prominent mouldings. Secondly, the first reinforce was made almost cylindrical, the second reinforcewas strongly tapered and the chase strengthened. Thirdly, a ring was added tothe cascablewhich allowed free movement of the breech ropes, used to restrict the gun'srecoil aboard ship. This free movement allowed the gun to be trained at anangle to the side of the ship and still have effective recoil restraint.
•By 1792 gunfounders were mostly all using the "newpattern ordnance“. By the early 1800sthe Royal Navy had about 1000 ships with 30,000 guns, most cast since 1790. The Napoleonic Wars were fought and won with Blomefield guns and carronades.