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Private Robert Hill

Schools Waterloo 200

3rd Battalion, 14th (Buckinghamshire) Regiment of Foot

Capt J L White's Company

1 Jan 1795 - 24 May 1860

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Waterloo Soldier by: Joseph Whitaker School

Date added: 12 Jun 2015

Robert Hill was born in 1795 in Birmingham, Warwickshire and died on the 23rd of May 1860 at the ageof 54. Before he joined the army, he was a shopkeeper. He lived on Harrington Street, Nottingham (the Parish of St. Peter’s) and was married to a lady named Mary Hill who was born in 1798. Together, they had several children – 3 boys and 2 girls. Robert Hill (his first son) was born in 1827, James (his second son)was born in 1829 and John Hill (his youngest son) was born in 1841. Caroline Hill was his oldest daughter and child who was born in 1821. They also resided with another man named William Wheewall who was born in 1821 also. Robert also had another daughter named Mary-Ann Hill who was born in 1837. He registered in the Canada British Regimental Registers of Service when he was 18 years old (1813). This is 2 years before the Battle of Waterloo began.

The battle was in the South of Brussels in Belgium. When he joined the regiment he isdescribed as being around 5ft 6" with a fresh complexion, hazel eyes and brown hair. Robert was in the 3rd Battalion/14thRegiment. The unit that would become the 3rd Battalion of the Bedfordshire Regiment was originally formed as part of the Militia Act in 1757 (Bedfordshire Military Reserve). The intention of the act was to form a semi-professional military reserve that could be used during times of crisis and war. Some small groups out of the Militia Act are recorded as having left for Flanders to take part in the Battle of Waterloo.During the Battle Of Waterloo, Napoleon had escaped from Elba and was once again a menace, and the 3rd Battalion/14th Regiment were one of the few battalions near to south coast able to embark at short notice to help fight! The third battalion of the 14th Regiment, was one which in ordinary times would not have been considered fit to be sent on foreign service at all, much less against an enemy in the field. Fourteen of the officers and three hundred of the men were under twenty years of age. The colonel of the Battalion and Regiment was General Sir Harry Calvert. The 14th was one of the few regiments in the service with 3 battalions.They obtained the addition nickname of ‘Calvert’s Entire’. The battalion landed at Ostend at the start of April. Monthly returns show the 3/14th on the strength of the field army inFlanders for the first time on 25 April 1815, with a total strength of 585 other ranks (corporals and privates), of whom 22 were sick and 9 on command. Four men died in the battalion’s first month on campaign, one death beingexplained in a letter from Wellington to former British Ambassador to FranceSir Charles Stuart on 11 May.

Robert Hill died on 24th May 1860 and his death was recorded on 4th June by his wife.  He left behind £300.

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