Date added: 31 Mar 2017
Brunswick Waterloo Medal
House of Brunswick-Bevern
Charles William Ferdinand 1780–1806, son of Charles I, died in battle at Auerstadt. He was succeeded by his son, Frederick William 1806–1815.
During the Napoleonic Wars, from 1806 to 1813, France occupied Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel.
The territory of Wolfenbüttel was recognized as a sovereign state by the Congress of Vienna in 1815. It had been a portion of the medieval Duchy of Brunswick-Lüneburg.
The Wolfenbüttel line had retained its independence from Hanover The Congress of Vienna turned it into an independent country under the name of the Duchy of Brunswick.
With the death of Duke Frederick William at the Battle of Quatre Bras, the underage eldest son, Duke Charles II, was put under the guardianship of George IV, the Prince Regent of the United Kingdom and Hanover.
The Duke of Brunswick brought a contingent of 6,244 men and 16 guns into the field for the Waterloo Campaign. Apart from the Duke himself, they lost heavily with 915 killed & wounded holding the line at the Battle of Quatre Bras.
Therefore it was the Prince Regent who authorized this medal on 11 June 1818 for its issue to the contingents from Brunswick which took part at the Battles of Quatre Bras and Waterloo.
Uniformed bust of Archduke Friedrich Wilhelm of Brunswick, wearing medals, to left.
BRAUNSCHEIG SEINEN KRIEGERN (Brunswick to its warriors) QUATRE BRAS WATERLOO around wreath, 1815 in the centre. Bronze 35 mm. The medals were stamped along the edge with the rank (above Private), name and unit of the recipient.
The ribbon was sulphur yellow with pale blue side stripes.
Refer to details of Capt Wilh V. Ritterholm