Date added: 11 Aug 2016
Whilst the Allied Army under Wellington amounted to 95,700 men, the Prussians fielded the 121,200 strong Army of the Upper Rhine under Marshal Blücher and a further 18,500 in the North German Corps under Kliest.
On 16 June whilst the Allied Army was fighting to hold the crossroads at Quatre Bras, the Prussians fought the major Battle of Ligny against Napoleon’s main army. They took heavy losses and retreated back to Wavre, where Blücher could still muster around 100,000 men and 283 guns.
The Prussian IV Corps were at full strength, having not been involved at Ligny and were sent to support Wellington together with the remains of I & II Corps – in total some 49,000 men and 134 guns.
Prussia Commemorative War Medal 1815
Circular bronze medal with loop for ribbon suspension; the face with a cross pattée with rays between the arms, the date ‘1815’ centrally within a laurel wreath; the reverse with the crowned cipher of Friedrich Wilhelm III above the inscription ‘Preußens tapfern kriegern’ (Prussia’s brave warriors) circumscribed ‘Gott war mit uns, Ihn sey die Ehre’ (God was with us To Him the Glory).; the edge inscribed ‘AUS EROBERTEM GESCHUTZ’ (from captured cannon).
The medal was instituted by King Friedrich Wilhelm III at Frankfurt-am-Main on 24 December 1813 and amended on 3 October 1815 to be awarded to ‘all warriors who without exception, whether in the field or before a fortress, truly fought and uncompromisingly did their duty throughout this current conflict’ (‘jeden Krieger ohne Ausnahme, der im Felde oder vor einer Festung wirklich mitgefochten und der während der Dauer des jetzigen Krieges seinen Pflichten treugeblieben ist’). The medal exists with the dates ‘1813’, ‘1814’, 1813/1814’ and ‘1815’ and with square and rounded ends to the cross.